Ex-Philippine President Aquino hails ruling

(Renato Etac via AP, File ).

Why is the South China Sea contentious? China has intensified the drumb.

A day after an global tribunal said China had no legal basis for its expansive claim to the South China Sea, Beijing issued a policy paper saying the islands in the South China Sea are "China's inherent territory".

China's Liu also took aim at the judges on the tribunal, saying that as not one of them was Asian they could not possibly understand the issue and it was unfair of them to try.

"So, there are several issues on which China has been found violating them", she added.

Speaking in Beijing, Mogherini said the European Union called on all parties to respect legal decisions and uphold the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, including freedom of navigation.

China, which has boycotted the hearings at the Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Hague, vowed again to ignore the ruling and said its armed forces would defend its sovereignty and maritime interests.

"My expectation is there will be a period of assessment, discussion and consultation that lies directly ahead", the official said.

"Do not turn the South China Sea into a cradle of war", he told reporters, insisting: "China's aim is to turn the South China Sea into a sea of peace, friendship and cooperation".

CHINA said on Wednesday that it will decide whether to declare an Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) in the South China Sea in accordance with the extent of threat.

The U.S. has built a coalition of allies, including Japan, South Korea and Australia, to pile pressure on China.

However the Philippines, under new President Rodrigo Duterte, declined to celebrate the verdict, saying on Tuesday only that it welcomed the ruling while calling for sobriety and restraint.

The tribunal established at the Philippines' unilateral request has no jurisdiction over relevant submissions, and awards rendered by it are null and void and have no binding force, the white paper said.

"China claimed that its fishermen have been fishing in those waters for centuries, and therefore those waters and islands and resources belong to China", Anthony says.

The Philippines, under a United Nations treaty governing the seas, asked in 2013 for arbitration on a number of issues it had with treaty co-signee China.

While the decision is seen as a major legal declaration regarding one of the world's most contested regions, the true impact is uncertain given the tribunal has no power of enforcement.

BJP MP Subramanian Swamy today said that India should "cautiously assess" a United Nations tribunal ruling on the South China Sea dispute saying tomorrow such a tribunal can sit on Jammu and Kashmir.

Former Philippine President Benigno Aquino III, who brought the case against China in 2013, said the decision brought clarity to the disputes that "now establishes better conditions that enable countries to engage each other, bearing in mind their duties and rights within a context that espouses equality and amity".

"The South China Sea ruling, especially the categorisation of Taiping island, has severely jeopardised our country's rights in the South China Sea islands and their relevant waters", Tsai told soldiers on the deck of ship in footage broadcast by news channels.

The disputes have increased friction between China and the United States, which has ramped up its military presence in the region as China has expanded its navy's reach farther offshore.

It calls on Secretary of State John Kerry to use "all diplomatic channels" to communicate support for freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea.

"Of the seven Spratlys occupied by China, the court ruled that Johnson Reef, Cuarteron Reef, Fiery Cross Reef, and Gaven Reef are rocks, while Hughes Reef and Mischief Reef are below water at high-tide and therefore generate no maritime entitlements of their own", AMTI writes.

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