During its mission Juno will circle the planet 37 times, soaring low over its cloud tops.
With NASA's solar-powered Juno spacecraft successfully placed in Jupiter's orbit, the USA space agency has invited amateur astronomers to upload telescopic images and help decide which points of the king of planets will be imaged during the mission.
"We see the expected sharp shift upward in the Doppler residuals indicating that the engine has started", said an engineer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, as applause filled the mission control room.
NASA's Juno spacecraft entered the large planet's atmosphere after a 35-minute engine burn, which decreased the spacecraft's velocity by 1,212 miles per hour, the administration reported. News that the burn had completed was received at 11:53 p.m. EDT Monday.
Juno carries nine primary instruments used to investigate the existence of a solid planetary core, map Jupiter's intense magnetic field, measure the amount of water and ammonia in the deep atmosphere, and observe the planet's auroras.
"We are learning about nature, how Jupiter formed and what that tells us about our history and where we came from", said Juno lead scientist Scott Bolton, with the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio. "It's a great day". But NASA's Juno probe performed perfectly, and Google is celebrating the fact with an animated Doodle ...
Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system and has the strongest radiation fields.
"Our official science collection phase begins in October, but we've figured out a way to collect data a lot earlier than that", Bolton said.
Nasa also operates a similar simulated data feed, called Eyes on the Solar System, which will provide interactive visualisation.
In its new orbit, Juno will conduct a number of dives close to the atmosphere of the planet as part of its primary mission. Scientists are expecting the best photos and information yet from Juno.
In the weeks leading up to the encounter, Juno snapped pictures of the giant planet and its four inner moons dancing around it. Scientists were surprised to see Jupiter's second-largest moon, Callisto, appearing dimmer than expected. The first mission created to see beneath Jupiter's clouds, Juno is named after the Roman goddess who was the wife of Jupiter, the god of the sky in ancient mythology.