"By denying the tangible benefits promised as part of the deal to the Iranian people, we undermine the reformers who came to the negotiating and strengthen the hand of the hardliners", argued the panel's ranking Democrat, Rep. Maxine Waters (D-CA) in opposing the largely Republican effort to block the sale.
But the United States and nuclear experts point to the main result, extending the timeline under which Iran could rush to build a nuclear bomb without being interrupted from a few months to at least a year.
The BfV also states "it is safe to expect that Iran will continue its intensive procurement activities in Germany using clandestine methods to achieve its objectives", according to a Fox News article on the report. Upcoming elections in the US and Iran could yield new leaders determined to derail the deal.
But he stressed that the United States would continue to apply sanctions pressure on the country over its alleged support for terror activities and its ballistic missile programme. Former Israeli Defense Minister, Moshe Ya'alon, said on June 16, that because of the JCPOA, Iran's nuclear program, "has been frozen in light of the deal signed by the world powers and does not constitute an immediate, existential threat for Israel".
At the same time, Clinton managed to position herself as more hawkish than President Barack Obama on Iran policy while claiming credit for the diplomatic groundwork on sanctions and secret diplomacy that brought Iran to the table - without having been involved in the contentious nuclear negotiations themselves. He states, "It is exactly one year since the nuclear deal was signed with Iran".
The agreement lifted US sanctions on Tehran in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program. The Mideast's wars pit U.S. and Iranian proxies in conflict. "We remain clear-eyed that the JCPOA did not resolve, nor was meant to resolve, concerns outside the nuclear arena", he said. Members of the Financial Services Committee still sought to codify existing restrictions such that, if Iran were eventually removed from the terrorism list, Ex-Im financing of deals with Iran would still be prohibited.
Those also included reducing its stockpile of enriched uranium from 12,000 kilograms to 300 kilograms, filling the core of its Arak heavy-water reactor with cement, removing nuclear material from its Fordow facility and dismantling two-thirds of its 19,000 centrifuges from Natanz.
Speaking to The Algemeiner last month, a senior official at a Washington, DC-based organization active in the Iran deal debate said the "administration's earlier dishonesty is being exposed and now they are scrambling to cover it up, and that's creating its own problems". They said both parties have worked in the past to address Iran in a way that demonstrated unity instead of dissension.
Iran's support of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and continued missile tests, as well as its complaints it hasn't seen as much economic relief since the deal took effect in January has left the deal on shaky ground. Iran has gained access to about $50 billion of its unfrozen assets, a majority of which remains in overseas accounts, he said.