Japan strongly expects that the parties' compliance with this award will eventually lead to the peaceful settlement of disputes in the South China Sea.
Xinhua, China's official news agency, said shortly before the ruling was announced that calibration tests on two new airports in the disputed Spratly Islands were successfully conducted by a Chinese civilian aircraft.
Del Rosario stressed that it was important for the ruling to be accepted by all. "In the future, we encourage other South China Sea claimants, including Vietnam, to seek similar resolution of maritime disputes through arbitration as well as by negotiation among the parties".
The ruling is binding but the Permanent Court of Arbitration has no powers of enforcement.
US officials said that if China expands its military activities in the South Asia Sea, the USA and other nations would be forced to respond with new and possibly enlarged and multinational maritime freedom of navigation and aerial missions.
Ahead of the ruling, the U.S. had asked China to learn from India's handling of its maritime disputes with neighbours.
He also urged the United States to scale back its "heavy-handed intervention" in the disputed waters and accused Washington of sowing discord and provoking Beijing.
The United States follows provisions of the treaty as part of following customary global law.
And since they have found that these certain areas are within the EEZ of the Philippines, the Tribunal found that Beijing had violated Manila's sovereign rights in its EEZ by interfering with Philippine fishing and petroleum exploration, constructing artificial islands and failing to prevent Chinese fishermen from fishing in the zone. China "solemnly declares that the award is null and void and has no binding force".
China has boycotted the hearings at the Permanent Court of Arbitration, saying it does not have jurisdiction to decide on the matter.
"China's territorial sovereignty and marine rights in the South China Sea will not be affected by the so-called Philippines South China Sea ruling in any way".
"India supports freedom of navigation and over-flight and unimpeded commerce, based on the principles of worldwide law, as reflected notably in the UNCLOS (UN Convention of the Law of the Sea)".
Vietnam said it welcomed the ruling.
In 2015, the total number of ship patrol days there was more than 700, but already in 2016 they are on track to exceed 1,000 days - the Navy counts every day a warship spends in the South China Sea as a ship-day and the tally is cumulative.
"There was no legal basis for China to claim historic rights to resources within the sea areas falling within the "nine-dash line", stated the court, referring to a demarcation line on a 1947 map of the sea, which is rich in mineral, fishing resources and energy.
Foreign Minister Wang Yi said the arbitration process, which was initiated by the Philippines despite Beijing's fierce opposition, was "a political farce under the pretext of law " that had been manipulated by outside forces, a vague reference to the United States, a key ally of Manila. Apart from funding and building the Pakistani port of Gwadar, which it is now expected to convert into a Chinese naval base, and beginning work on the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, as an essential ingredient of China's One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative, China may make a future claim to India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands, based on the seven voyages (1405-1433) to the Indian Ocean region by the legendary Chinese admiral, Zheng He, who on his death in 1433 was accorded a sea burial off Kozhikode in India.
A Chinese newspaper last week said the country must prepare for "military confrontation" in the sea. In Manila, dozens of rallying Filipinos jumped for joy, wept, embraced each other and waved Philippine flags after news of their victory. One held up a poster that said: "Philippine sovereignty, non-negotiable". The question is, exactly how harsh China's reaction will be?