Referring to a resolution on Syria proposed by France for debate at the United Security Council later on Saturday, he said: "Unfortunately, we see less and less common sense in the actions of Washington and Paris".
According to a diplomatic source, a USA -drafted Security Council resolution on the use of chemical weapons would now be discussed, although it was vital to reach a deal with Russian Federation.
Russia's own rival measure on a truce which called for a ceasefire but did not mention airstrikes was also rejected.
During Ayrault's meeting in Washington last week, US Secretary of State John Kerry's said: ' Russian Federation and the regime owe the world more than an explanation about why they keep hitting hospitals and medical facilities and children and women.
Before the UN meeting French Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault had urged the UN Security Council to take immediate action to save the Syrian city of Aleppo from being destroyed by the Russia-backed Syrian bombing campaign.
"It will be complicated, but we are looking for other solutions", an unnamed French diplomatic source told the Reuters news agency.
Tension has recently hit a new high between Moscow and Washington over the situation in Syria, which prompted the Russian leadership to send clear messages to the USA that the double-dealing and duplicity are no longer tolerable, analysts say.
French President Francois Hollande has suggested Russian Federation could face war crimes charges over its bombardment of Syria's second city Aleppo.
As previously reported, Hollande announced his intention to personally tell Russian President Putin about the inadmissibility to support the actions of the Syrian authorities in Aleppo.
Forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad and their Russian ally launched the operation to reunite the government-held west and rebel controlled east of Aleppo on September 22. In response to Russia's veto for the Franco-Spanish draft document, Moscow's opponents refused to support Russian Federation in support for the initiative for the withdrawal of militants from Aleppo's eastern neighborhoods, having thus ignored proposals from special envoy for the UN Secretary General, Staffan de Mistura.
Russian Federation has supported the Syrian government with a bombing campaign against rebel groups in the country for more than a year. Since the regime offensive began a few days after a USA - and Russian-brokered ceasefire collapsed, at least 290 people-mostly civilians-have been killed in rebel-held areas, 57 them children, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported.
It said government forces were making further advances on Saturday ahead of the Security Council session.
The rebels, whom Turkey has supported with tanks and air strikes, had been pushing towards the IS stronghold of Dabiq, a village of symbolic importance to the militants.
"The current times are different and more unsafe".