Those are issues the conservative jurist cared deeply about - but without his vote, the odds of his side winning are longer.
"The court's decision means that as many as 5 million immigrants in the USA remain in constant fear of being separated from their families at any time, and possibly deported", Kica Matos, spokeswoman for the Fair Immigration Reform Movement, said in a statement.
And the likelihood is that the seat will remain vacant for most of the current Supreme Court term as well. "The court was scheduled to hear its first oral arguments on Tuesday". A reversal there is considered unlikely. The case is back in federal district court before the judge who issued the original injunction.
Merrick Garland, the federal appeals court judge nominated to succeed Antonin Scalia, has been waiting six and a half months for a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing. "Certainly, this era that we are in now is one that we will read about in the history books".
The cases that are now on the docket may not present the constitutional blockbusters of recent years, but they explore significant issues ranging from voting rights, to the death penalty, religious liberty, and racial bias in juries.
President Barack Obama had proposed a plan to avert deportation for some 4 million people who have lived in the US since 2010 without proper documentation but with no criminal histories and with children in their households.
Another pending appeal comes from a Colorado baker who refused to prepare a custom cake for a gay couple's wedding.
Prosecutors are hoping the Supreme Court adopts the 9th Circuit's view and rejects the 2nd Circuit's narrow interpretation, which authorities said could result in some people avoiding charges and could affect investigations.
Separation of church and state.
A Lutheran church in Missouri is fighting a decision by the state that omitted its preschool from a program to resurface playgrounds with rubber from scrap tires.
"Over time that's a problem", said Kagan, "Is that cost free?"
It is surprising that the Court has not been getting more play during the presidential campaign; as far as I can recall, the Court was never mentioned during the first Clinton-Trump debate. He might have made himself and Democrats a lot more popular in midterm elections, too. "All of the rhetoric is about race, but the true, underlying motivation is unquestionably partisanship", says Nicholas Stephanopoulos, assistant professor and elections expert at the University of Chicago Law School.
The Case: The defendant in this case was convicted of unlawful sexual contact.
Official portrait of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor.
At issue in Salman's appeal is whether the government in insider trading cases must prove that an alleged source of corporate secrets like the brother-in-law received a tangible benefit like cash in exchange for any tips. Lower courts are divided on whether helping relatives or friends is compensation enough. The court has accepted significantly fewer cases. In Samsung v. Apple the Court will discuss the $399 million award Apple won in the court below in a patent dispute with Samsung. Samsung has been ordered by lower courts to pay almost $1 billion in damages, rather than a lesser amount attributable to the non-functioning design features.
Significance: This case raises important questions about racial bias in determinations of guilt and punishment. Subsequently blocked from taking effect by a lower court, Obama took the executive action tactic in an effort to implement his plan, leading to the Texas-led litigation by 25 states.
"This will be a court decision that could have significant ramifications on if tipping cases can continue to be brought with the fervor they have been brought in the last decade", said David Miller, a defense lawyer at the law firm Morgan, Lewis & Bockius. A black prisoner seeks resentencing based on incompetent representation after a defense witness testified that African Americans are more likely to be risky in the future. But the Court left the definition of intellectual disability to the states.