Flyover of Pluto's majestic mountains and icy plains

Flyover of Pluto's majestic mountains and icy plains

Flyover of Pluto's majestic mountains and icy plains

The videos were made using actual spacecraft data and digital elevation models of both Pluto and Charon to simulate fly overs of both worlds from vantage points closer than those actually traversed by the spacecraft.

The mountains and cliff features are exaggerated on both the videos, for viewers to better make out elements of Pluto and Charon, with surface colours "enhanced to bring out detail".

The global space agency NASA has launched two unbelievable videos capturing the first ever close up the Pluto which is considered as the dwarf planet of our solar system according to the space agency.

"This dramatic Pluto flyover begins over the highlands to the south-west of the great expanse of nitrogen ice plain informally named Sputnik Planitia", said NASA.

The new images reveal that Pluto has several layers to its global atmospheric haze, which according to Nasa, "creates a twilight effect that softly illuminates nightside terrain near sunset".

Two years ago, New Horizons sent home the first close-up images of Pluto and its moons, including its largest - Charon.

It next continues north over Voyager Terra, a region of rugged highlands, then dips south over an area known as Pioneer Terra that is dotted with deep, wide pits, before ending over the bladed or snakeskin terrain of Tartarus Dorsa in the east.

"The complexity of the Pluto system - from its geology to its satellite system to its atmosphere - has been beyond our wildest imagination", said Alan Stern, New Horizons principal investigator from the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado.

The flyby by New Horizons - which is now approaching the edge of the galaxy - also revealed that the dwarf planet is slightly larger than scientists originally thought.

The mosaic shows how Pluto's large-scale color patterns extend beyond the hemisphere facing New Horizons at closest approach, which were imaged at the highest resolution. It aims to pass an object labelled 2014 MU69 on January 1, 2019.

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