Citing an anonymous diplomatic source, Anadolu news agency said that US Embassy Charge d'Affaires Philip Kosnett was summoned on Wednesday, without offering any further details.
The YPG is the main element in a force that Washington has assisted with training, weapons, air support and help from ground advisers in the battle against ISIS.
The YPG is supported by United States with arms and training which angers Turkey.
Cavusoglu repeated Turkey's red line over its presence in Sochi by saying that: "We have said we will not be in any environment... where the YPG is present".
Wednesday's move was not the first time Turkey has announced its displeasure with the U.S. about the issue.
In October, the YPG and their allies announced the capture of ISIL's self-declared capital of Raqqa in Syria after a four-month operation.
For is part, Zarif stressed Iran's commitment to cooperate with Russia and Turkey to find a way to reach a political settlement in Syria, hailing the effective impact of Russian-Iranian cooperation in fighting terrorism and extremism in the region.
Turkish foreign minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said in an interview broadcast on Turkish TV channels,"Iran and Russian Federation need to carry out their responsibilities".
According to diplomatic sources, at the meeting the Turkish side expressed its concern over the USA support for Syria's Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD).
Violence in Idlib region has recently escalated, with Syrian government forces, supported by Russian Federation, trying to regain control of the rebel-held area. He told Anadolu news agency that ties between the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation allies could be damaged further if Washington does not correct its mistakes, Reuters said.
Turkey appeals to Russian and Iranian diplomats to urge Syria's government to cease violation of de-escalation zone borders' violation in Idlib, according to the newspaper.