Tamimi potentially faces years in prison if convicted of all charges, including assault and incitement in several incidents going back to April 2016.
Israeli forces first detained al-Tamimi on December 19 during an overnight raid carried out in the West Bank village of Nabi Saleh for allegedly attacking Israeli soldiers.
The 17-year-old girl was arrested on December 19 and must now respond to the judicial process, while remaining in jail, for which United Nations experts demand respect to the rules of global law and demand her freedom.
The statement from Amnesty International goes on to note that Tamimi's detention is not unique and that the Israeli army now has roughly 350 Palestinian children in custody and is "subjecting them to ill-treatment, including blindfolding, threats, solitary confinement and interrogations without the presence of their lawyers or family members".
Outside court, Tamimi's lawyer Gaby Lasky said her family wanted the case to be heard in public, but the judge had ordered the numerous journalists present to be removed from the courtroom for the proceedings because she was a minor.
Her case has drawn wide public attention to Israeli military court procedures, which are often described by rights groups as discriminatory. "The way to keep it out of everybody's eyes is to close doors and not allow people inside the court for the hearing". Palestinians say she was protesting against Israel's occupation of the West Bank. The court ruled that she should remain in detention until the end of her trial, due to reconvene in early March. She was arrested, and now faces charges of aggravated assault, obstructing the work of soldiers, and incitement.
In later events captured on video, Ahed yells at the soldiers to leave, slapping one and punching the other in the head.
Prosecutors requested more time to prepare a response and a new date was set for March 11, according to Lasky. Tamimi's father expressed his fear for his daughter and wife, who is also on trial. "It's about time they will understand that people like her have to be in jail and not be allowed to incite".
The attack in question took place when the suspect was 16 years old and she brought in her 17 birthday while in custody.
The Israeli military said the soldiers were in the area to prevent Palestinians from throwing stones at Israeli motorists.
"While our struggles may be unique, the parallels can not be ignored", they add, noting that U.S. police, border patrol and other law enforcement "train with Israeli soldiers, police, and border agents, utilizing similar repressive profiling tactics to target and harass our communities".
UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in the Palestinian Territory Michael Lynk and Chair-Rapporteur of the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention José Antonio Guevara Bermúdez [official profiles] demanded Tamimi's immediate release during the proceedings and called for future hearings to be held in strict accordance with worldwide legal standards.
Ahed Tamimi is the more aggressive of the two in the video. In it, the soldiers don't appear to react to Tamimi's confrontation.
The extended Tamimi family has been involved in conflict with Israeli authorities over the years. Two Israelis have been killed since then.
Lasky also pointed out that multiple court hearings relating to Tamimi had already been held that included a massive media and diplomatic presence, as well as that a video of Tamimi, which is the main subject of the trial, already went viral on social media.