Ankara launched the offensive on January 20, with the aim of dislodging the People's Protection Units (YPG), a us -backed Kurdish militia that Turkey considers to be a terrorist group.
Over the last 48 hours, Afrin city has reportedly been targeted by Turkish air raids, water has been cut off, and the internet severed.
On January 20, the Turkish General Staff declared the launch of the Olive Branch Operation in the northern Syrian district of Afrin against Kurdish forces controlled by the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG), an organization listed as a terrorist in Turkey.
According to the Syrian Observatory of Human Rights, the Turkish Army and Turkey-backed armed groups have seized control of over 38 percent of Afrin's villages, but the siege is yet to be completed.
"We will not give Afrin to Erdoğan even if we are subjected to airstrikes for months or years", said Fikriye Reşid, and 58-year-old woman who came from Qamishlo to Afrin to be a human shield.
Speaking to Anadolu Agency, Mohamed Rashid, a spokesman for Jaish al-Nasr, a group fighting under the Free Syrian Army umbrella, said that work to clear mines and explosives continue to ensure civilians can return safely to their homes.
Erdogan questioned why North Atlantic Treaty Organisation had not come to Turkey's aid in its Syria operation when Ankara had backed critical alliance campaigns worldwide. "Where are you? You've invited NATO-member states to Afghanistan", Erdogan said.
The 50,000-strong YPG has allied with the U.S. in eradicating the Islamic State group from northern Syria and have been armed by the USA since May 2017.
On Saturday, worldwide activists and Kurdish communities in foreign countries marched and protested against what they called the Turkish aggression against Afrin and European arms trade with Turkey.
Ankara views the group as an extension of the Turkey-based Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which it and other countries describe as a "terrorist" organisation.