The medical and health department in Hyderabad has launched a campaign to discourage people from going to Kerala for some time, till the dreaded Nipah virus comes under control. "One need not panic about Nipah, rather be cautious by taking proactive precautions like wearing gloves, masks, stringent washing of hands using soap", he said.
Health authorities in Telangana have isolated two patients suspected to be affected by Nipah virus and sent their blood samples to the National Institute of Virology, Pune for testing.
After reviewing the cases of all the patients who have lost their lives, the central high-level team of NCDC on Thursday in an official statement said that the Nipah virus disease is not a major outbreak and is only a local occurrence. The latest victim to the outbreak was 22-year-old Abin who was being treated at Baby Memorial Hospital in the city.
The virus spreads through close contact with people's secretions and excretions.
Health experts have been flown over to help contain the virus, which is listed alongside ebola and zika as one of eight priority diseases the World Health Organisation believes could cause a global epidemic. The vaccine is based on Nipah and Hendra virus technology that got its start more than 15 years ago by scientists at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and has already done through multiple preclinical trials. Human infections can result from contacts with infected pigs.
Dr Biju Mohan, consultant physician at Nirmala Hospital, Vellimadukunnu, said lack of an awareness session resulted in people worrying to step out of their homes.
Nipah virus is a newly emerging disease that can cause serious harm to both humans and animals.
The motor vehicles department here has warned bus and autorickshaw owners of strict action if they decline hospital staff a ride fearing Nipah virus.
The current understanding of Nipah virus so far is that the virus first attacks the respiratory system, and then spreads to the nervous system and the brain.
In India the disease was first reported in eastern West Bengal state in 2001. As this happened, more people with symptoms of fever and neurological symptoms began to be admitted to hospitals. "People have been advised to keep a distance from bats and pigs".
Headache, dizziness, nausea, drowsiness, fever (lasts up-to four to five days) and confusion are some of the common signs and symptoms of the deadly disease.