Maduro already was hit with the same penalties on July 31, 2017, as was Diosdado Cabello, president of Venezuela's National Constituent Assembly (ANC).
During his speech to world leaders at the United Nations General Assembly, Trump announced he was tightening pressure on Maduro's inner circle with sanctions against Venezuela's first lady, Cilia Flores, Vice President Delcy Rodríguez and Defense Minister Vladimir Padrino Lopez.
Maduro has called for a face-to-face conversation in the past.
He also invited the United Nations - and even the FBI - to investigate the attempt "and discover the truth".
It's the first time that member countries have referred another country to the Netherlands-based United Nations court. The six-country referral could broaden the scope of the ongoing preliminary probe to the more serious charges leveled at Venezuela on Wednesday and extend the time frame back to 2014. "We have to defend the continent from these unilateral threats", he said. "They are trying to build a dossier to justify an global intervention".
"I just want to see Venezuela straightened out, I want the people to be safe", he stated.
Venezuela's President Nicolás Maduro had kept the world gathered along the East River guessing.
"All options are on the table".
At the podium in the U.N. General Assembly where Trump had bashed him a day earlier, Maduro did not soften his tone or his message.
The drumbeat of mounting economic and diplomatic pressure comes atop a raft of USA sanctions, and with the Venezuelan economy in utter free fall as oil production plummets and inflation and shortages skyrocket. The president is a vocal critic of socialism and communism and has used impoverished regimes like Venezuela and North Korea to highlight the stark consequences that result from these ideologies.
Trump's speech at the 73rd UN General Assembly (UNGA) dedicated special attention to Venezuela, with the US President claiming that "the socialist dictatorship of Nicolas Maduro has inflicted awful pain" on the Venezuelan people and vowing "further action" against the South American country.
But top Venezuelan officials were oddly silent Wednesday as speculation circulated on social media that the presidential plane had set out for NY.
The new sanctions raise the total to around 88 individuals, including Maduro, who are designated for alleged corruption and drug trafficking.
As a backdrop to the diplomatic maneuvering were rumbles of even more dramatic action.
FILE PHOTO: Peruvian Foreign Minister Nestor Popolizio talks to Chinese Vice President Wang Qishan (not pictured) during their meeting at the Zhongnanhai Leadership Compound in Beijing, China, August 27, 2018.
Venezuela was once among the wealthiest nations in Latin America, but the economy has been gutted by falling oil prices, reduced oil output and widespread incompetence and corruption.
One U.S. official told The Associated Press that he was informed Tuesday night that Maduro planned to travel to the United Nations, but could not confirm whether he indeed was on his way.
According to a recent poll, 30.5 percent of Venezuelans often just eat once a day.
Trump notes that the country - once one of the wealthiest countries in the hemisphere - is spiralling downwards.
On Wednesday, Maduro insisted that the migration crisis had been "fabricated" as part of a broader economic and political war to topple his administration.
"Can you imagine if a country were to sanction Melania [Trump]?" he said during a press conference. Like Venezuela, both countries have had crushing sanctions imposed on them. Torino Capital Chief Economist Francisco Rodriguez has argued that USA financial sanctions may have played an important role in the collapse of the oil-dependent country's crude production and consequent worsening of its economic crisis.