"The Israeli pilots were using the Russian aircraft as a shield and pushed it into the line of fire of the Syrian defense", Igor Konashenkov, the Russian defense ministry spokesperson, said on Tuesday.
Putin had said the incident was the result of "tragic accidental circumstances", warning Netanyahu against carrying out such operations in the future and pledging to beef up security for Russian forces in Syria.
Israel confirmed that it had targeted a Syrian military facility where weapons manufacturing systems were "about to be transferred on behalf of Iran" to Lebanese Shia group Hezbollah. "Israel holds the Assad regime, whose military shot down the Russian plane, fully responsible for this incident".
The attack on Latakia, a government stronghold and the site of Russia's major military base in the country, represented a unsafe escalation of the war in Syria, which the Israelis nearly certainly carried out in consultation with Washington.
"An Israeli jet did not shoot down our plane", Putin said.
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, the Israeli jets hit and destroyed an entire building in the industrial area of Latakia, the main Syrian port in the Mediterranean.
The Israeli air force chief is traveling to Moscow on September 20 for discussions after a Russian military surveillance plane was shot down over Syria's coast, killing 15 Russian servicemembers.
Israel established a de-confliction agreement with Russian Federation several years ago to enable Israel to hit Iranian targets inside Syria without colliding with Russian Federation. When asked by a reporter if the incident is comparable to Turkey's downing of a Russian jet in Syria in 2015.
Earlier, the Russian MoD confirmed that the Il-20 was downed by an S-200 anti-aircraft missile.
Iranian FM welcomes deal to create demilitarised zone between opposition and Syrian government forces.
Syrian government ally Russian Federation and rebel supporter Turkey reached an agreement to create a demilitarised buffer zone in Idlib, Syria s last opposition bastion, where half of its three million residents have been displaced from areas retaken by Syrian forces. All that is known for now, according to the statements issued by Putin and Erdogan, is that the demilitarized zone is to be established by October 15 along a horseshoe-shaped line roughly corresponding to the borders of Idlib province.
An agreement to halt plans for an offensive on the last major rebel-held stronghold was announced in the Black Sea resort of Sochi on Monday after a meeting between the Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan.