Absolute commitment needed for climate response

A firefighter fights a blaze near Yosemite National Park in August

Handout. Reuters A firefighter fights a blaze near Yosemite National Park in August

Drastic, "unprecedented" effort by the world's governments is needed to limit global warming to 1.5°C, according to a landmark report by the world's leading body on climate change. And, you know, there's a very - two very strong messages out of it. "The goal of climate change now must be firmly fixed to 1.5 C to give the communities and nations a fighting chance to avoid the worst impacts of climate change".

"It shows that a 1.5C world will be a nightmare but a 2C world would be unthinkable".

However, they provide little hope humanity will rise to the challenge.

The report found that limiting the warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius would require "rapid and far-reaching" transitions in land, energy, industry, buildings, transport and cities.

Humanity has the power to make the changes needed. "There's certainly things that we'll need to invest in more to develop the next generation of solutions".

"There were doubts if we would be able to differentiate impacts set at 1.5C and that came so clearly". We are strong when we work together with all Small Islands Developing States. For example, according to IPCC, By 2100 global sea level rise would be 10 cm lower with global warming of 1.5 degree C compared with 2 degree C, the likelihood of an Arctic Ocean free of sea ice in summer would be once per century with global warming of 1.5°C, compared with at least once per decade with 2 degree C. Coral reefs would decline by 70 -90% with global warming of 1.5 degree C, whereas virtually all would be lost with 2 degree C. And we were right to do so, this report tells us so.

The U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published a report on Monday saying temperatures were likely to rise by 1.5 degrees Celsius between 2030 and 2052 if global warming continues at its current pace.

"Where the report is concerned, specifically, "'With more than 6,000 scientific references cited and the dedicated contribution of thousands of expert and government reviewers worldwide, this important report testifies to the breadth and policy relevance of the IPCC, ' said Hoesung Lee, Chair of the IPCC", who provided commentary in the release.

Taking the valuable input from the Report into account, the Commission will work to present in November an European Union strategy for long-term greenhouse gas emission reduction. We now need to question ourselves.

"The IPCC report is a sobering reminder that we're still not on track to achieve the goals outlined in the Paris Agreement", said Will McGoldrick of the Nature Conservancy.

The report makes clear now is the time for action, and political leaders can no longer kick the can down the road.

She said Canadians do not need to change what they do to cut emissions, but rather need to change how they do it. The levels of this potent greenhouse gas increased substantially faster from 2014 to 2015 than in the period from 2007 to 2013.

The use of coal as an electricity source would also need to be dropped from 40 per cent to between 7 and 1 per cent by 2050. Governments can try and make changes to the text but changes must be agreed by consensus. We are displaying global leadership for all humankind.

Another recent report from the consulting firm PwC makes it clear that even limiting warming to 2 degrees C will be a stretch: "There seems to be nearly zero chance of limiting warming to well below two degrees (the main goal of the Paris Agreement), though widespread use of carbon capture and storage technologies, including Natural Climate Solutions, may make this possible", it says.

A critical step is to ensure human-caused emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) will fall by about 45 percent from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching "net zero" around 2050.

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