- The estimated 550,000-strong Yazidi community are members of a Kurdish religious minority who have lived primarily in Iraq, Turkey and Syria.
"This year marks a decade since the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1820 (2008), which determined that the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict constitutes both a war crime and a threat to global peace and security".
Denis Mukwege, a gynaecologist in Bukavu city which is a part of Democratic Republic of Congo has been working from two decades to treat women who have been molested during the war.
At 25 years old, Murad is the second youngest person to ever win the Nobel Peace Prize, after Pakistani education activist Malala Yousafzai. Masrour Barzani, chancellor of the Kurdistan Regional Security Council, tweeted that he congratulated Murad for her work on behalf of Yazidis and victims of human trafficking, giving them a "powerful voice". She escaped with the help of a Sunni Muslim family in Mosul, and became an advocate for the rights of her community around the world.
"Today we must also draw a red line against rape as a weapon of war", he said, describing it as a "cheap and efficient" form of terror which condemns its victims to "a life sentence".
The committee noted that "Denis Mukwege is the helper who has devoted his life to defending these victims".
Her nightmare began when the jihadists stormed her village in northern Iraq in August 2014.
A Congolese OB-GYN and a woman who was once held captive by ISIS are now winners of the Nobel Peace Prize.
She said: "We could hear the commotion downstairs where militants were registering and organising, and when the first man entered the room, all the girls started screaming". "Nadia Murad is the witness who tells of the abuses perpetrated against herself and other", Reiss-Andersen said after announcing the winners.
Both honorees are the first from their countries - Congo and Iraq - to receive a Nobel Prize and will split the award, which is worth 9 million Swedish kronor ($1.01 million).
She was captured alongside her sisters and lost six brothers and her mother.
"We've suffered so much over the past four years and this has been a moment of recognition, the ultimate moment of recognition of our genocide, of our suffering", he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. "To feel they are loved, to feel they can finally find love and affection", he said.
United Nations rights chief Michelle Bachelet said it was "hard to imagine two more worthy winners", describing the prize as "richly-deserved recognition of two extraordinarily courageous, persistent and effective campaigners". Both winners have a unique connection to Canada.