Pompeo accused Russian Federation of deploying "multiple battalions of the SSC-8 missiles", a land-based, intermediate-range Cruise missile capable of carrying nuclear warheads.
It is also possible for Russia to deploy intermediate-range missiles, and primarily cruise missiles, in Latin American countries like Cuba, once the INF Treaty is terminated, according to Leonid Ivashov, former head of the Russian Defense Ministry's main department for worldwide military cooperation.
The Russian Foreign Ministry said on Tuesday that it "strictly complies with the provisions of the treaty, and the American side is aware of that". "It makes no sense for the United States to remain in a treaty that constrains our ability to respond to Russia's violations".
In Moscow on Wednesday, Putin told journalists the United States had provided "no evidence" of Russian violations, and threatened an arms race if the USA sought to develop new medium-range missiles after exiting the treaty.
In 2014, then US President Barack Obama accused Russian Federation of breaching the INF Treaty after it allegedly tested a ground-launched cruise missile.
The European Union has urged both the United States and Russian Federation to uphold the INF treaty, saying the pact is one of the cornerstones of European security. However, developing new types of short-and intermediate-range missiles was an open secret as "it was set out in the Pentagon's budget". Whereas the USA is working on new types of missiles, Russian Federation is not sitting on its hands, Putin reiterated.
The United States remains in compliance with the treaty, according to the Department of State.
The Trump administration has previously said the pact puts the U.S. at a disadvantage with countries such as China, who are exempt from the treaty.
Buzhinskiy said: "We started to work on this system after the U.S. withdrew from an ABM treaty".
House of Representatives Armed Services Committee Ranking Member Adam Smith said the move shows the Trump administration is more focused on withdrawing from worldwide commitments than on the collective security of the United States, its allies, and partners.
The NATO ministers called on Russian Federation to "return urgently to full and verifiable compliance", saying it is now "up to Russian Federation to preserve the INF treaty". A very simple one: "in that case, we will do the same".
Russia's foreign ministry said it has received word of USA withdrawal from the arms treaty.
Former Russian lieutenant-general Evgeny Buzhinskiy said the terrifying weapons system is capable of penetrating anti-missile defences in the USA and Europe. ACA called on North Atlantic Treaty Organisation leadership to explore Russia's invitation to review proposals to prevent the collapse of the INF.
The NATO partners on Tuesday also held talks with Ukrainian Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin.
"It means NATO's expansion towards our borders".