Democratic state Senator Linda Coleman-Madison labeled Republicans hypocrites for demanding small government that does not interfere in private matters but "now you want in my womb; I want you out".
There is no punishment for the woman receiving the abortion, only for abortion providers. A heartbeat can develop by the sixth week of a woman's pregnancy. If a doctor attempts to perform an abortion he or she could face a Class C felony, punishable by one to 10 years in prison, the Montgomery Advertiser reported.
The amendment was voted down 21-11, with four Republicans joining Democrats.
Mary Ziegler, a professor at Florida State University's College of Law who specializes in the legal history of reproduction and the Constitution, told Newsweek it was surprising that lawmakers would pursue such a high sentence for doctors carrying out abortions.
Opponents call the "heartbeat" legislation a virtual ban because the embryonic cardiac activity can be detected as early as six weeks, before a woman may be aware she is pregnant.
Under the bill, abortion is banned in all cases except in situations when it would be necessary in order to save the life of the mother.
Currently, 29 million US women of reproductive age (43% of the total number) live in hostile and very hostile states.
"This is nothing but a political game and women are the pawns", Staci Fox, CEO and President of Planned Parenthood Southeast.
Just this year, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi and OH have outlawed abortion after a doctor can detect an embryonic heartbeat.
Late last night, the Alabama Senate passed a draconian abortion law criminalizing abortion and attempted abortion.
She said the bills in Alabama and neighboring states are frightening. Greg Reed said after the bill passed the Senate, in part, "An unborn baby is a child who deserves protection - and despite the best efforts of abortion proponents, this bill will become law because Alabamians stand firmly on the side of life".
CNN adds: "The state's Republican backers have pushed the legislation, which amounts to a near-total ban on abortion in the state, forward with the express goal of overturning Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court case legalizing abortion".
Anti-abortion advocates are aware that any laws they pass are certain to be challenged. In a statement, board member Dr. Yashica Robinson said, "Physicians will be unwilling to help patients in need, even when continuing pregnancy is detrimental to a patient's health...out of fear of being scrutinized by the criminal justice system". Although the governor has not publicly committed to signing the legislation, many Republican lawmakers expect her support. Though Ivey has made her stance on abortion clear in the past (she's vehemently anti-abortion), she hasn't signaled yet whether she plans to sign the bill or not.